Any technique, mechanism or device is need of care and lubrication. In order to ensure that your sewing machine is working properly, it should be cleaned, lubricated and stored in appropriate conditions. How to clean and keep «a swallow», what kind of the oil for sewing equipment to choose and how to properly and neatly replace the oil in the sewing machine – the main issues, the focus of this article.
What is the oil for sewing machine?
Oil for sewing machines is not that other, as a lubricant, which reduces friction and wear of machine elements by covering them with a protective layer. This extends their service life.
Thus, it is necessary to:
- reducingfriction onthe frictionelements;
- reduction of wear mechanisms;
- protection andpurificationfrom dustunits and parts;
Where is the oil in the sewing machine, what parts need lubrication and how often they need to be lubricated? All this is spelled out in the manual, which is attached to the sewing equipment.
Ingredients of the oil for sewing machines depend on the feedstock from which it is made. There are the following main groups of oils differing in the feedstock that is used for lubrication of sewing machines:
- mineral(petroleum) oil-is produced byrefining,thereby forming amixtureof high-boilinghydrocarbons;
- synthetic oils-are produced bythe synthesisof chemical elements, whereby their compositionexcludesthe presence of mineralfats andsolvents;
- semi-syntheticoils -are a blend ofpetroleumand syntheticoilsin certain proportions.
Oil for industrial sewing machine
The sewing equipment can be domestic and industrial. Household sewing machines designed for light and medium fabrics, products from thick and coarse fabrics it is better not to sew with their help. This is mainly mechanical and electromechanical equipment. For such machines are characterized by drip lubrication system or a «dry» lubrication, in which all parts are filled with oil and a certain time can operate without additional lubrication.
Industrial sewing machine – electronic devices with microprocessors and software control. Such machines are divided into classes depending on what tissue they can handle: light and medium fabrics, moderate and severe, especially heavy fabrics. The latest industrial machines equipped with automatic lubrication system, through which the lubricant flows through special channels to the mechanisms subjected to abrasion. Because the computer itself determines the frequency and the desired volume of lubricant, the machine has special tank (sump) oil storage. Sump has a mark indicating the oil level. All work on the lubrication of these machines is to watch the mark and fill up the tank on time.
Some industrial sewing machines, as well as domestic, are lubricated by drip lubrication system or a «dry» method, in which the main friction parts and mechanisms are made of special materials with low friction and lubricated with a special substance. These machines must be serviced by professionals.
Both the types of sewing machines can be handled as mineral and synthetic oil. Recommended type of lubrication for a particular technology is specified in the manual on its application. Let’s look at the differences between apart two types of oil.
Synthetic oil for sewing machine has a number of advantages:
- the viscosity of synthetic oil does not change in a wide temperature range from -40C to 200C;
- this oil is more fluid in comparison with petroleum oil and has higher penetrating properties;
- inits compositiondoes not includemineralfatsandsolvents;
- it is necessaryfor lubricationand polishingplasticandelastomericsurfaces;
- it prevents the sticking and twisting of threads, reduces the number of breakages;
- it splitsa large numberof solvents;
- it is notoily, notrancid;
- it protects your machine against corrosion and oxidation processes.
Among the synthetic lubricants for sewing machines are especially popular silicone oils. This type of oil is used for oiling the threads, blades, knives, all parts and components, rubber and plastic elements. Processing is done with the help of brush or spray.
Mineral (petroleum) oil. Vaseline (white paraffin) oil is the most popular among mineral oils. It is transparent cleared a solution of liquid saturated hydrocarbons. It has a watery-white colour and practically has no smell because it does not contain aromatic compounds. It is especially suited for mechanisms requiring high purity lubricants.
This type of oil is suitable for sewing machines and overlock as in contact with the fabric can easily be removed. Vaseline oil can be used for industrial sewing and «amateur» sewing machines and various kinds of knives, blades, rubber and plastic parts and pieces of knitting machines. Also, this oil can be used to eliminate jamming zippers in clothing.
The main characteristics of petrolatum oil:
- it iscolorless, tasteless andodorless;
- it does not contain harmfuland toxicsubstances, thereforesafe forcontactwith food;
- it hasan antistaticeffect;
- it improves theslidingprocessand protects theelementsfrom sticking together;
- it does not leave agreasy residue;
- it does notcontainsolvents;
- it protects against corrosion.
The characteristics of synthetic and mineral oils are similar and are used for the same purposes. However, the cost of synthetic oil is significantly higher mineral.
The best oil for sewing machines
A selection of special sewing oils is very diverse. On the market there are many manufacturers that offer various oil properties, price range and quality. The main characteristics that should be considered when choosing oil for sewing techniques:
- degree of purification; clean and clear grease does not cause sticking of the elements and not remain on the fabric;
- viscosity; it reflects the degree ofoil filmstrengthon the treatedgreaseThe viscosity of the oil for sewing machine at the best value is 18-20 cSt;
- pour pointandignition;
- chemical stability; ability does notoxidize anddoes notdeteriorateunder the influence ofexternal forcesandoilinteractionwith metal partsanda variety offabrics;
- cleansing properties; the ability toflush outparticles ofdust and debris;
- presence ofadditivesthat canimprove theproperties of the oil.
Everyone chooses lubricant according to your taste and wallet. However, it should be noted that the flow quality of oil is not large. One jar is enough for a couple of years, because this oil does not spoil.
On many forums dedicated to the subject sewing machine or simply sewing and needlework offered various alternative of oil for sewing machines. Some advised to save and not spend money on oil for sewing machines and to take oil what there is at home or in the garage, for example, automotive oil. Others advise using vegetable oils like sunflower and olive.
However, do not try to follow this advice and risking their equipment! The viscosity of motor oils and sewing oil is different, which can lead to jamming of the sewing machine. To clean then all the mechanisms of improper oil will require a lot of work, time and money. The same applies to ordinary vegetable oils — sunflower, olive or any other, which is the home.
These oils are suitable for food, but not for lubricating sewing techniques nodes. At first you may find that the machine works fine, but then this oil will turn to glue. The mechanisms will stick together, and the machine will simply cease to function. You also can not use stray dark and muddy sewing oil. Its effect is analogous to the effect of automotive and vegetable oil. To spoil machine can in a jiffy, but then bring it back to working condition – is a problem.
Oil for sewing machine Juki
The best oil for sewing machines is the one that comes with it in the kit. Therefore, oil for sewing machine Juki is sold along with it. However, this owing oil can be bought separately or ordered through the official representatives of the company. Oil for sewing machine Bernina, as well as oil for sewing machine Janome is not available for sale. So if there is no «native» oil, you must purchase a special oil for sewing machines, which must be fluid and transparent. Types of oils and their properties have been described above.
Oiler or a bank, in which the oil is poured, should meet the quality requirement. The oiler must be ergonomic and made of good quality plastic without flaws, with an indication of the country of production. To avoid getting into the dust and debris cover or cap must be tightly closed. Tip of oiler must be of sufficient length and not too wide to get into hard to reach places. It is logical that the oiler should not be large, because it will be uncomfortable to use.
How to clean and lubricate the sewing machine
Buying sewing equipment, carefully read the instruction manual to it. This guide contains detailed information how to use, clean, store and lubricate sewing technique. Also manual describes how to grease lubrication and how to replace oil in the sewing machine. The most modern manufacturers of sewing techniques supply oil and oiler if they are required. It should be noted that some of sewing machines do not require lubrication, as is assembled using very slippery material.
The cost of these machines is very high. In addition, the instruction indicates the type of fabric and thread and needle and presser foot appropriate for them. If the equipment is suitable for sewing fine fabrics, you should not try to scribble on her denim. The work should not overload the machine. Therefore, the view that the instructions are written, «For Dummies» should be dropped, and with great attention to study the rules for the use of the sewing machine.
To prolong the life of sewing machines it is necessary to systematically wipe the dust not only from the body of the machine, but also with external and internal units and parts. In them during the work can accumulate a lot of junk — free cloth, thread, dust, which, together with the old oil turns into sticky muck thickened, preventing normal operation of the sewing equipment. In the narrow and hard to reach places where not to get a cloth or tissue helps a special stiff brush. It is necessary to clean and lubricate all the parts and elements that are dirty and move during operation.
It happens that while cleaning or working sewing machine oil got on the fabric. If it is good sewing machine oil, it is easily washed off with a cloth. However, how to remove oil from the fabric, if run down dirty oil? There are several ways:
- usingdishwashing detergent; applyit on thefresh stainand leave forhalf an hourand thenwash;
- usinga solvent foroil paints; soakthemwipeand cleanspot, putting the sameclothunder the fabric, so that the oildoes notpenetrateto the othertissue,thenwash;
- usingchalk andflour; on a freshstainneed topourcrushedchalk orflour, a little ruband waitchalk orflourabsorbed theoiland becomeyellow. Shakeandrepeated severaltimes and thenwash. This method is suitable for fresh stains, old stain it will not remove.
Cleaning the sewing machine is required when replacing sewing machine oil, or if the machine was not working for a long time. The oil should not be poured into the dirty machine. If the details of the sewing machine there was rust, you can try to remove it. First you need to clean up all from the dust and blackened oil, and then apply anticorrosion liquid.
Then you need to put a sewing machine for a week in a container of diesel fuel, and then grease all bearings and parts. After cleaning and lubrication should put a new or old polished bobbin case and change the needle. After lubrication is necessary to drive the machine to idle a few minutes so it warmed up. Wipe dirty oil and lubricate the mechanisms again. If the sewing machines for a long time did not work, the procedure of lubricant can be repeated more times. This will lubricate all remote places and to wash off the old thickened oil.
In the future, should be guided by a simple rule: if the technique was a long time without work, before you start to work, you must hold the above steps. Lubrication interval of the sewing machine depends on its type, intensity of use, and the types of materials being processed machine.
It should be noted that prior to lubricate the sewing machine of the modern type, you need to make sure that it is generally in need. And this can be found in the operating instructions for this machine.
Another important point to maintain the high efficiency of sewing techniques are the conditions of its storage — in a cool and dry place, in a special case, covered with a lid or a thick cloth.
By the following exactly all the rules set out in the manual, you will save money because the sewing machine repair in case of damage will be expensive! And take a lot of time, because to find a good master that quality and the first time will eliminate all problems is not easy.