Hello, readers of my blog «I sewing machine!». The topic of today’s article – Sewing threads — the sizes and types, how to fill and eliminate the break, industrial threads and holders.
On that first of all you should pay attention to avoid any problems with sewing? Of course, on the thread for sewing machine. Correctly selected thread will provide perfect operation of the machine. You also need to remember that under different sizes of needles and types of materials you must pick up a certain type of thread. Sewing threads have different characteristics depending on their properties.
Sizes of sewing threads
There are many different standard sizes for each type of threads. The following is some sizes of sewing threads, which are applied in the work on the sewing machine.
In any family there is often a problem with the repair of clothing, especially when you have small children. And quickly and efficiently the problem can be solved not by hand sewing but using the sewing machine. So in addition to choosing threads, you should think about choosing a sewing machine. A good sewing machine is expensive and takes a lot of space. In this case it is necessary to pay attention to the portable sewing machine. The best portable sewing machine will save time and money and won’t take a lot of places.
What types of small machines are? This is portable sewing machines. The following is review of these machines. There are three types of portable sewing machines:
- . Thesemachinesare very similar tothe stapler, and easilyfit in anyThis type of machines is convenient to use keeping it on the weight for a smallrepairof clothing. Handsewingmachineyou can take inthe roadandon vacation. Such machines include models Chang Shan OM666, Handy Stitch, Spring come, Irit Irp. But manual machine has one great drawback – very tired arm during operation.
- electric portable sewing machines. This machine is very easy and small; it can make a few types of stitches. So it can perform more complicated work than hand sewing machine stapler type. Mini-machine works as in manualmode well asfrom ordinarymainsorbatterythrough pressingthe pedal. Here are somemodelsof these machines: Sew Whiz, Sinbo SSW-101, Multi, Singer 5511.
- mini-sewing machine with overlock. This type of machine in addition to the simple lines can make the stitch zigzag and perform the function of an overlock. These machines though are more expensive, but due to its multifunctionality allow you to repair and sew clothes at home. Such sewing machines include mini machines Zimber ZM-10935, Michley LSS FHSM 505.
How to thread the sewing machine
At the first stage of work with a sewing machine any beginner can be faced with such a daunting task as threading. But even an experienced user, a long time not working at the sewing machine can forget how to thread the sewing machine. Basically, there are less of problems with threading the upper thread. It is enough to follow the instructions on the body of the sewing machine. Upper thread is passed through the mount on the body, then carried through the thread tension regulator, and then carried through the compensation spring. Then the thread s passed in the thread guide hole and finally in the eye of a needle from the groove which is located along the sewing needle. Lower thread dressed with a little more complicated. It has to first be wound on the bobbin and not on the coil. Thereafter, the bobbin is inserted in a special cap and the thread is filled under the plate of spring. Bobbin case with tucked bottom thread is inserted according to the instructions in the hole in the sewing machine positioned below the needle.
Types of sewing threads
In order to have fewer difficulties in the work with the sewing machine, you must consider both the size needle and type of thread. Next you will be given some types of sewing threads.
Polyester threads can be attributed to the universal types of threads. They may be coated with a wax or silicone. They are very durable, with them work well on elastic fabrics. Polyester sewing threads are transparent. They are suitable in the case when you need a strong and invisible line.
Nylon sewing threads are suitable for the ideal line. They do not shrink on the fabric without stretching it and are very durable. But they are melted at high temperatures.
For sewing children’s clothes need to use natural threads which non-allergic and do not shrink. These types include cotton sewing thread. They have a major drawback: the cotton thread is not strong enough and could easily be torn.
Silk sewing threads can also be attributed to natural fibers. Such threads are perfect for sewing silk products. These threads are distinguished by bright colors. Although they are not particularly durable, silk threads have one big advantage – they don’t leave holes in the fabric after sewing.
For sewing of special clothing needed a special type threads which are very durable, do not burn and does not fray. It is a para-aramid sewing threads, which are nylon threads. They are called Kevlar sewing threads, by name trademark Kevlar.
Industrial sewing thread
The modern market offers a huge variety of sewing accessories and equipment. For the production of footwear, overalls, furniture fabrics, covers for vehicles, sports equipment, etc. need special industrial sewing thread that meets all necessary quality requirements.
Advances in science and technology put forward new requirements for the development of threads. So in Japan there was created the most durable thread from Zaylon. One millimeter of this thread is able to withstand 450 kg weight. Strength of zaylon thread is higher than that of diamond and steel. In addition, they can withstand temperatures over 650 degrees Celsius.
The thickness of thread is selected depending on fabric density. Heavy thread for sewing need for sewing denim products, coats, articles of drape and tarpaulin, sewing on buttons. But we should remember that for thick thread need to carefully select the size of a sewing needle.
Best thread for sewing
In all this variety of threads can be confusing. How to choose the best thread for sewing? Good sewing thread must meet the following requirements:
- to ensure the strength of stitch;
- no shrinkage;
- to be strong and notto breakwhen sewing;
- not to fade with frequent washing;
- not to melt.
You need to be attentive to the choice of thread for sewing machine in order it served a long time and regularly. Elastic thread for sewing machine easily passes through the eye of a sewing needle, not clinging to parts of the shuttle mechanism. In this way, the tension of the upper and lower threads always remains uniform throughout the stitch. Therefore, factory products, in which the stitching in the seams is made of elastic threads, look very nice.
Currently very popular thread made of synthetic fibers. Threads made of polyester are strong sewing threads. In the manufacturing process, these threads are subjected to special treatment, and some are covered with silicone. Due to this polyester thread acquire elasticity, can withstand repeated tension, abrasion-resistant, do not fade in the sun and do not shrink.
When working with lightweight synthetic materials needs a special threads. For this purpose, suitable thin, durable, invisible sewing threads made of nylon. But they have a drawback – could melt when exposed to high temperatures during ironing. Another type of invisible sewing threads – monofilament. These threads are like fishing line and are made of a polyamide material. Since they merge with the color of the fabric, the sewing machine does not need to be refilled. Monofilament is hard and quickly dissolved, so they are used for lining or in hidden seams. Monofilament is used for backing up or hidden seams, because they are hard and quickly dissolved.
Holder for sewing thread
There are lots of devices for comfortable work on the sewing machine. One of these is a holder of the sewing thread. It is useful for storing large amounts of thread and sewing for fast when you need to use a thread of different colors. Such devices can be bought or make your own from scrap materials.
Thread breakage on a sewing machine
No rarely have to deal with another problem while sewing. This is a thread breakage on a sewing machine. Below is a look at some of the causes of breakage of the upper thread. You need to check the same whether the characteristics of upper and lower thread and the correctness of threading. If everything is correct, you need to loosen the upper thread tension. In addition, the thread may break due to not matching the size of the needle and thread. You enjoy working with the most strong threads!